The CASEL 5 addresses five
broad, interrelated areas of competence and examples for each:
self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship skills, and responsible decision-making.
The CASEL 5 can be taught and applied at various developmental stages from childhood to adulthood and across diverse cultural contexts to articulate what students should know and be able to do for academic success, school and civic engagement, health and wellness, and fulfilling careers.
The ability to accurately recognize one’s own emotions, thoughts and values and how they influence behavior. The ability to accurately assess one’s strengths and limitations with a well-grounded sense of confidence, optimism and a “growth mindset".
- Identifying emotions
- Accurate self-perception
- Recognizing strengths
The ability to take the perspective of and empathize with others, including those from diverse backgrounds and cultures. The ability to understand social and ethical norms for behavior and to recognize family, school and community resources and supports.
- Appreciating diversity
- Respect for others
The ability to make constructive choices about personal behavior and social interactions based on ethical standards, safety concerns and social norms. The realistic evaluation of consequences of various actions and a consideration of the well-being of oneself and others.
- Identifying problems
- Analyzing situations
- Solving problems
- Ethical responsibility
The ability to successfully regulate one’s emotions, thoughts and behaviors in different situations — effectively managing stress, controlling impulses and motivating oneself. The ability to set and work toward personal and academic goals.
- Impulse control
- Stress management
- Organizational skills
The ability to establish and maintain healthy and rewarding relationships with diverse individuals and groups. The ability to communicate clearly, listen well, cooperate with others, resist inappropriate social pressure, negotiate conflict constructively and seek and offer help when needed.
- Social engagement